Thoracic or chest surgery involves organs in the chest such as the heart, lungs, airway and esophagus. Thoracic surgeons treat a variety of conditions, including:
- Lung tumor removal
- Pleural effusion or fluid around the lung
- Collapsed lung or pneumothorax
- Lung nodules
Thoracic surgeons are occasionally referred to as cardiothoracic surgeons because they are also capable in performing cardiovascular procedures.