Open-heart surgery involves opening the chest in order to repair damage to the heart. Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is a form of open-heart surgery used to treat blocked arteries around the heart. While open-heart surgery has been offered for many years, it is a major operation that has its risks. Your doctor will consider a number of factors before recommending surgery, including your:
- The number of blocked blood vessels you have and their location
- Previous interventions, like angioplasty to open vessels
Open-heart surgery may also be used to treat other conditions including:
- Aortic and mitral valve conditions
- Congenital heart conditions
- Septal defects
In some cases, less invasive procedures can be used to treat valve conditions and atrial fibrillation. Your doctor will work with you to determine the safest procedure.